Degree of Comparison in Detail for all Classes

Degree of Comparison

The degree of comparison relates to adjectives and adverbs in English grammar.

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degree of comparison

We can write all adjectives and adverbs in one of three degrees (Positive/ comparative and superlative degree).

Classification of Degree of Comparison:

The degree of comparison is three kinds.

  1. Positive degree
  2. Comparative degree
  3. Superlative degree

Definition and examples of degree of comparison

Positive: In this degree, we speak about a thing and do not find any comparison. For example-

The child is small.

Jim is not so intelligent as Bill.

Comparative:  In this degree, we speak about two and compare. For example- 

Germany is more civilized than Japan.

This tree is not so taller than that tree.

Superlative: In this degree, we speak more than two same things and compare.

John is the best boy of the class.

Rohit is one of the best cricketers of the class.

Degree of comparison   Rule no 01

If we find one-syllable positive adjective, we make it comparative degree with adding ”Er” and superlative degree with “Est”

Positive

Comparative

Superlative

Black

Blacker

Blackest

High

Higher

Highest

Strong

Stronger

Strongest

Tall

Taller

Tallest

Short

Shorter

Shortest

Quick

Quicker

Quickest

Light

Lighter

Lightest

old

Older

Oldest

Cold

Colder

Coldest

     

Small

Smaller

Smallest

Bold

Bolder

Boldest

Hard

Harder

hardest

Rich

Richer

Richest

Kind

Kinder

Kindest

long

Longer

Longest

     

 

Rule no 02 Degree of Comparison

If we find last letter consonant of one syllable positive adjective and a vowel before that consonant, we make it comparative degree with double consonant and adding ”Er” and superlative degree with “Est”

Positive

Comparative

Superlative

Big

Bigger

Biggest

Fat

Fatter

Fattest 

Hot

Hotter

Hottest

Red

Redder

Reddest

sad

Sadder

Saddest

Thin

Thinner

Thinnest

     

Rule no 03 Degree of Comparison Positive, COmparative and Superlative

If we find last letter consonant of one syllable positive adjective and more than a vowel before that consonant, we make it comparative degree with adding “Er” and superlative degree with “Est”

Positive

Comparative

Superlative

Weak

Weaker

Weakest

Cool

Cooler

Coolest

Soon

Sooner

Soonest

Poor

Poorer

Poorest

Deep

Deeper

Deepest

Great

Greater

Greatest

 

Rule no 04 

If we find last letter “Y” of one syllable positive adjective and a consonant before that letter ”Y”, we make it comparative degree with double consonant and adding ”Ier” in stade of “Y” and superlative degree with “Est”

Positive

Comparative

Superlative

Happy

Happier

Happiest

Easy

Easier

Easiest

Heavy

Heavier

Heaviest

Merry

Merrier

Merriest

Wealthy

Wealthier

Wealthiest

Pretty

Prettier

Prettiest

Tiny

Tinier

Tiniest

Lively

Livelier

Liveliest

Gloomy

Gloomier

Gloomiest

Dry

Drier

Driest

Busy

Busier

Busiest

Rule no 05

If we find last letter consonant of one syllable positive adjective and a vowel before that consonant, we make it comparative degree with double consonant and adding ”er” and superlative degree with “Est”

Positive

Comparative

Superlative

Gray

Grayer

Grayest

     
     
     

 

Rule No 06 Degree of Comparison

If we find last letter “E” of one syllable positive adjective, we make it comparative degree with adding ”R” and superlative degree with “St”

Positive

Comparative

Superlative

Fine

Finer

Finest

Brave

Braver

Bravest

Wise

Wiser

Wisest

Large

Larger

Largest

Pale

Paler

Palest

Able

Abler

Ablest

Gentle

Gentler

Gentlest

Noble

Nobler

Noblest

Free

Freer

Freest

True

Truer

Truest

     

Rule no.07 Comparison of Degree By Prakash Sir

If we find more than one syllable positive adjective we make it comparative degree with “More”, “Less” and superlative degree with “Most”, ” Lest”.

Positive

Comparative

Superlative

Expensive

More/less expensive

Most/lest expensive

Active

More active

Most active

Beautiful

Less beautiful

Lest beautiful

Careful

More careful

Lest careful

Dutiful

Less dutiful

Lest dutiful

Hopeful

Less hopeful

Lest hopeful

Useful

More useful

Most useful

Difficult

More difficult

Most difficult

Faithful

Less faithful

Lest faithful

Interesting

More interesting

Most interesting

Dangerous

Less dangerous

Lest dangerous

Industrious

More industrious

Most industrious

Courageous

Less courageous

Lest courageous

Generous

More generous

Most generous

Populous

More populous

Most populous

Honest

Less honest

Lest honest

Famous

More famous

Most famous

Important

More important

Most important

Intelligent

Less intelligent

Lest intelligent

Comfortable

More comfortable

Most comfortable

Civilized

Less civilized

Lest civilized

 

Exception Rule no.8 

Some positive adjectives can not follow the above rules. Some examples have been given below.   

 

Positive

Comparative

Superlative

Good

Better

Best

Bad

Worse

Worst

Late

Later/latter

Last/latest

Little

Less

Lest

Many

More

Most

Much

More

Most

Well

Better

Best

Structure of all Degree  

Positive Degree:

  1. Sub1 + be verb + as + positive adj + as + sub2.

Example: Ratan is as rich as Mr. Dutta.

  1. Sub1 + be verb + not + so + positive adj + as Sub2.

Example: Gopal is not so difficult as Soumen.

  1. No other + Noun (singular) + in/of + (other word) + be verb + so/as positive adj + as + Sub.

Example: No other state of India is so hot as Rajasthan.

  1. Very few + noun (Plural) + extra word + be verb + as + positive adj + as Subj.

Example: Very few cities of Asia are as populous as Calcutta.

  1. Some other (Plural) extra word + plural noun + be verb + as positive adjective as sub.

Example: Some other boys in the class are not so good as Ram.

  1. As soon as + Sub + verb + other, sub + verb-2 + o.

Example: As soon as the man saw a tiger, he ran away.

Comparative degree:

  1. Sub + be verb + comparative adj + than + sub.

Example: I am stronger than Gopal.

  1. Sub + be verb + not comparative adj + than + sub.

Example: Tapan is cleverer than you.

  1. Sub + be verb + comparative adj + than + any other + Noun (Singular).

Example: Rajasthan is hotter than any other state of India.

  1. Sub + be verb + comparative adj + than + many/most other + Noun (plural).

Example: Chennai is busier than most other ports of India.

  1. Sub + be verb + not + comparative adj + some other + Noun (Plural) + Extra word.

Example: Some other memorials in India is not older than the Tajmahal.

 

  1. No sooner had + sub + V-3 + than + sub + verb + obj.

Example: No sooner had I entered the room than the boys stood up.

 

Structure of superlative degree

  1. Sub + be verb + one of the + sup.adj + noun (Plural) + extra word.

Example: Rabin is one of the best boys in the class.

  1. Sub + be verb + the + superlative adj + noun (singular) + extra word.

Example: Arjun is the best character in the Mahabharata.

  1. Sub + be verb + the + superlative adj + of all + noun (Plural).

Example: Iron is the most useful of all metals.

Read more Article:

  1. All Conditional Sentences
  2. Transformation of Sentences [Affirmative to Negative]
  3. Assertive to Exclamatory
  4. Capitalization
  5. Transformation of sentences [Simple, Complex and Compound]
  6. Joining of Sentences with Infinitive
  7. Degree Change 

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