TRANSFORMATION OF SENTENCES [ASSERTIVE TO EXCLAMATORY]

Interchange of Assertive and Exclamatory Sentences

ASSERTIVE                                    EXCLAMATORY

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  • a/an  very/great/fine——— what 

If we find the word “A/An” before “Very/great” in assertive sentence, we will start exclamatory sentences with the word “What”. We will write exclamatory sentences following this structure

what + a/an + adjective + subject + verb!

For Example:

Assertive: It is a very interesting story book.

Exclamatory: What an interesting book it is!

Assertive: It is a fine morning.

Exclamatory: What a fine morning it is!

Assertive:  The boy is a great fool.

Exclamatory: What a fool the boy is!

  •   Very/ great/ fine —————— How

If we find the word “Very/great” without “A/An” placed before very and great in assertive sentence, we will start writing exclamatory sentences with the word “How”. We will start exclamatory sentences following this structure

How + adjective + subject + verb!

For Example:

Assertive:  The flower was very nice.

Exclamatory: How nice the flower was!

Assertive:  The morning was very cool yesterday.

Exclamatory: How cool the morning yesterday was!

Assertive: The boy is very tall.

Exclamatory: How tall the boy is!

Now I am discussing the rules based on exclamatory sentences.

EXCLAMATORY                                     ASSERTIVE          

  • Alas ————— It is a matter of sorry/ regret that …… or We mourn that……..

If we find the word “Alas” in exclamatory sentence, we will write “It is a matter of sorry/ regret that …… or We mourn that… instead of that word [Alas]. After that we will write the rest part of exclamatory sentence. Finally we will place full stop [.] instead of exclamatory sign [!].

For Example:

Exclamatory: Alas! Ranjit failed in the examination.

Assertive: It is a matter of sorry that Ranjit failed in the examination.

Exclamatory: Alas! Your grandfather has died today.

Assertive: It is matter of regret that your grandfather has died today.

Exclamatory: Alas! He has lost his new cycle.

Assertive:  We mourn that he has lost his new cycle.

  •  Bravo ———————– It is a matter of praise that …….

If we find the word “Bravo” in exclamatory sentence, we will write “It is a matter of praise that ……. instead of that word [Bravo]. After that we will write the rest part of exclamatory sentence. At last we will place full stop [.] instead of exclamatory sign [!].

For Example:

Exclamatory: Bravo! Raja has played well.

Assertive:  It is a matter of praise that Raja has played well.

Exclamatory: Bravo! He has won the first prize.

Assertive: It is a matter of praise that he has won the first prize.

  • Fie ————- It is a matter of shame/contempt that…… Or It is shameful that……….

If we find the word “Fie” in exclamatory sentence, we will write “It is a matter of shame/contempt that…… Or It is shameful that………. instead of that word [Fie]. After that we will write the rest part of exclamatory sentence. At last we will place full stop [.] instead of exclamatory sign [!].

For Example:

Exclamatory:  Fie! He does not respect the seniors.

Assertive:  It is matter of shame that he does not respect the seniors.

Exclamatory:  Fie! You have cheated your best friend.

Assertive:  It is shameful that you have cheated your best friend.

Exclamatory:  Fie! Bijoy quarrels with his elder brother.

Assertive:  It is matter of contempt that Bijoy quarrels with his elder brother.

  •  Hurrah ————– It is a matter of joy that …. OR We rejoice that …….

If we find the word “Hurrah” in exclamatory sentence, we will write “It is a matter of joy that …. OR We rejoice that ……. instead of that word [Hurrah]. After that we will write the rest part of exclamatory sentence. At last we will place full stop [.] instead of exclamatory sign [!].

For Example:

Exclamatory:  Hurrah! We have won the match.

Assertive:  It is matter of joy that we have won the match.

Exclamatory:  Hurrah! My elder brother has got a new job.

Assertive: It is a matter of joy that my elder brother has got a new job.

Exclamatory: Hurrah! Tamal stood first in the exam.

Assertive: We rejoice that Tamal stood first the exam.

  •  If + unreal conditional  —————— I wish + unreal conditional

If we find “unreal conditional sentence with if” in exclamatory sentence we will write “I wish” instead of the word [If]. After that we will add “unreal conditional sentence” and finally place full stop [.] instead of exclamatory sign [!].

For Example:

Exclamatory:  If I were a king!

Assertive: I wish I were a king.

Exclamatory: Had I a computer! Or If I had a computer!

Assertive: I wish I had a computer.

Exclamatory:  If I could fly.

Assertive:  I wish I could fly.

  •  If + real conditional ———————— I hope + real conditional

If we find “real conditional sentence with if” in exclamatory sentence we will write “I hope” instead of the word [If]. Then we will add the “real conditional sentence” and finally place full stop [.] instead of exclamatory sign [!].

For Example:

Exclamatory:  If you study better for next examination!

Assertive: I hope you study better for next examination.

Exclamatory:  If you read the book well!

Assertive: I hope you read the book well.

Exclamatory: If you practice the lesson!

Assertive: I hope you practice the lesson.

  • Would that/ O that —————- I wish …..

If we find “Would that/ O that” in exclamatory sentence, we will write “I wish” instead of that word [Would that/ O that]. ]. After that we will write the rest part of exclamatory sentence. At last we will place full stop [.] instead of exclamatory sign [!].

 For Example:

Exclamatory:  Would that I could be a child again!

Assertive: I wish I could be a child again.

Exclamatory: O that I were a poet!

Assertive: I wish I were a poet.

Exclamatory: O that I could be a teacher!

Assertive: I wish I could be a teacher.                

Exclamatory: Would that you were a cricketer!

Assertive: I wish you were a cricketer!

SHORT CUT METHOD TO MEMORIZE THE RULES

Interchange of Assertive and Exclamatory Sentences

Assertive                                               Exclamatory

01. a/an  very/great/fine—————— what 

02. Bravo ——————————It is a matter of praise that …

Exclamatory                                 Assertive 

 01. Alas ————— It is a matter of sorry/ regret that …… or We mourn that

2. Bravo ———————– It is a matter of praise that …….

03. Fie ————- It is a matter of shame/contempt that…… Or It is shameful that……….

04. Hurrah ———–It is a matter of joy that …. OR We rejoice that …….

05. If + unreal conditional  —————— I wish + unreal conditional

06. If + real conditional ———————— I hope + real conditional

07. Would that/ O that —————- I wish …..

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To read transformation of sentences [ Imperative to Assertive ], click here.

Transformation of sentences [Simple, Complex and Compound]

Joining of Sentences

Degree Change

Exclamatory Sentence

Optative Sentence

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