Transformation of Sentences [Affirmative to Negative]

Transformation of Sentences Affirmative and Negative

Affirmative ————————————- Negative

  • Always  ————— Never (Opposite word   of Verb, Adjective and Noun)

If we find the word “Always” in an affirmative sentence, we will write the word “Never” instead of that word [Always] and make the opposite word of the verb, adjective, and noun at the time of the negative sentence.

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For Example:

Affirmative:  I will always remember you.

Negative: I will never forget you.

Affirmative: He is always present.

Negative: He is never absent.

Affirmative: you should always speak the truth.

Negative: You should never tell a lie.

  • Sometimes——— (Not) always (Opposite word of Verb, Adjective, Noun)

If we find the word “Sometimes” in an affirmative sentence, we will write the word not “Always” instead of that word [Sometimes] and make the opposite word of the verb, adjective, and noun at the time of the negative sentence.

For Example:

Affirmative: He sometimes smokes.

Negative: He does not always smoke.

Affirmative: The rich are sometimes happy.

Negative: The rich are not always happy.

Affirmative: A scholar is sometimes wrong.

Negative: A scholar is not always right.

  • Must —————- cannot but/ cannot help

If we find the word “Must” in an affirmative sentence, we will write the word “Cannot but/ cannot help” instead of that word [Must] at the time of the negative sentence.

For Example:

Affirmative: He must buy a grammar book.

Negative: He cannot but buy a grammar book.

Or He cannot help buying a grammar book.

Affirmative: We must love one another.

Negative: We cannot but love one another.

Or We cannot help loving one another.

Affirmative: You must listen to your teacher.

Negative: You cannot but listen to your teacher.

  • All ————— No (Opposite word of Adjective, Verb)

If we find the word “All” in an affirmative sentence, we will write the word “No” instead of that word [All] and make the opposite word of the verb, adjective, and noun at the time of the negative sentence.

For Example:

Affirmative: All men are mortal.

Negative: No man is immortal.

Affirmative: All must die.

Negative: No one can escape death.

Affirmative: All must submit to destiny.

Negative: No one can escape his destiny.

  • For good/ forever ———— Never (Opposite word of Verb)

If we find the word “For good/ forever” in an affirmative sentence, we will write the word “Never” instead of that word [For good/ forever] and make the opposite word of the verb at the time of the negative sentence.

For Example:

Affirmative: I have sold the house for ever.

Negative: I will never buy the house.

Affirmative: He has left the village forever.

Negative: He will never come to the village again.

Affirmative: I have given up smoking forever.

Negative: I shall never smoke again.

  • Every ——————– No (Opposite word of Verb, Adjective)

If we find the word “Every” in an affirmative sentence, we will write the word “No” instead of that word [Every] and make the opposite word of verb and adjective at the time of the negative sentence.

For Example:

Affirmative: Everybody is dependent.

 Negative: Nobody is independent.

Affirmative: Everyone loves flowers.

Negative:  No one hates flowers.

Affirmative: Everyone loves him.

Negative: No one hates him.

Or There is no one who does not love him.

Or   There is no one but loves him.

  • Have to/ has to ——————— cannot but / cannot but help v-ing

If we find the word “Have to/ has to” in an affirmative sentence, we will write the word “Cannot but/ cannot but help v-ing” instead of that word [Have to/ has to] at the time of negative sentence.

For Example:

Affirmative: I have to buy a new house.

Negative:  I cannot but a new house.

OR I cannot help buying a new house.

  • As soon as ——————- No sooner had —than

If we find the word “As soon as” in an affirmative sentence, we will write the word “No sooner had—- than” instead of that word [As soon as] at the time of the negative sentence.

For Example:

Affirmative: As soon as I arrived house, it began to rain.

Negative: No sooner had I arrived house than it began to rain.

Affirmative: As soon as the man saw the tiger, he ran away.

Negative:  No sooner had the man seen the tiger, he ran away.

  • Many ———————- (Not) a few

If we find the word “Many” in an affirmative sentence, we will write the word not “A few” instead of that word [Many] at the time of the negative sentence.

For Example:

Affirmative: I have many friends.

Negative:  I do not have a few friends.

Affirmative: They gave me many gifts on my birthday.

Negative: They did not give me a few gifts on my birthday.

  • A few ————————- (Not) many

If we find the word “A few” in an affirmative sentence, we will write the word not “Many” instead of that word [A few] at the time of the negative sentence.

For Example:

Affirmative: I have bought a few books.

Negative: I have not bought many books.

Affirmative: He ate a few mangoes.

Negative: He did not eat many mangoes.

  • Much ——————– (Not) a little

If we find the word “Much” in an affirmative sentence, we will write the word, not “Little” instead of that word [Much] at the time of the negative sentence.

For Example:

Affirmative: He wants much water.

Negative: He does not want a little water.

Affirmative: Ramesh has sold much honey.

Negative:  Ramesh has not sold a little honey.

  • A little ——————— (Not) much

If we find the word “A little” in an affirmative sentence, we will write the word not “Much” instead of that word [A little] at the time of the negative sentence.

For Example:

Affirmative: I want a little milk.

Negative: I do not want much milk.

Affirmative: We sold a little honey.

Negative: We did not sell much honey.

  • Only (Person) ———————– None but

If we find the word “Only” after that any person in an affirmative sentence, we will write the word “None but” instead of that word [Only] at the time of the negative sentence.

For Example:

Affirmative: Only god can help us.

Negative: None but God can help us.

Affirmative: Only he can do the sum.

Negative: None but he can do the sum.

  •   Only (Thing) ———————— Nothing but

If we find the word “Only” after that anything in an affirmative sentence, we will write the word “Nothing but” instead of that word [Only] at the time of the negative sentence.

For Example:

Affirmative: Only the moon was visible.

Negative: Nothing but the moon was visible.

Affirmative: I played only cricket.

Negative:  I played nothing but cricket.

Affirmative: I like only mango.

Negative: I like nothing but mango.

  • Only (Number/age) ——— Not more than/ not less than

If we find the word “Only” after that any number and age in an affirmative sentence, we will write the word “Not more than/ not less than” instead of that word [Only] at the time of the negative sentence.

For Example:

Affirmative: Amit is only 16 years old.

Negative: Amit is not less than 16 years old.

Affirmative: You got only 50 % marks in English.

Negative:  You got not more than 50 % marks in English.

  • Both___ and  ———————– Not only __ but also

If we find the word “Both___ and” after that any number and age in an affirmative sentence, we will write the word “Not only __ but also” instead of that word [Both___ and  ] at the time of negative sentence.

For Example:

Affirmative: Both Rita and Gita were beautiful.

Negative: Not only Rita but also Gita was beautiful.

Affirmative: Ramen is both honest and faithful.

Negative: Ramen is not only honest but also faithful.

  • As- as ————— Not less- than/ not com (adj) than

If we find the word “As___ as” in an affirmative sentence, we will write the word “Not less- than/ not com (adj) than” instead of that word [As___ as] at the time of negative sentence.

For Example:

Affirmative: Rupali is as beautiful as Sonali.

Negative: Rupali is not less beautiful than Sonali.

Affirmative: Hasan is as strong as Karim.

Negative: Hasan is not less strong than Karim.

OR Karim is not stronger than Hasan.

  • For the last time ————— Never

If we find the word “For good/ forever” in an affirmative sentence, we will write the word “Never” instead of that word [For good/ forever] and make the opposite word of the verb at the time of the negative sentence.

For Example:

Affirmative: I warn you for the last time.

Negative: I shall never warn you again.

Affirmative: They came here for the last time.

Negative: They will never come here.

  •  Alone (Person) ————— None but

If we find the word “Alone” after that any person in an affirmative sentence, we will write the word “None but” instead of that word [Alone] at the time of the negative sentence.

For Example:

Affirmative: God alone can help me in this situation.

Negative: None but God can help me in this situation.

Affirmative: Mother alone loves her child.

Negative: None but mother loves her child.

  • Too—-to                                        So—that

If we find “Too—to” in an affirmative sentence, we will use “So—– that” instead of that word [Too — to] at the time of the negative sentence.

For Example:

Affirmative: He is too weak to walk.

Negative: He is so weak that he cannot walk.

Affirmative: The child was too tiny to climb up the tree.

Negative: The child was so tiny that he could not climb up the tree.

  •   Superlative degree (The best) ———— No other

If we find “Superlative degree (The best)” in an affirmative sentence, we will use “No other” instead of that word [Superlative degree (The best)] at the time of the negative sentence.

For Example:

Affirmative: Arun is the best boy in the class.

Negative: No other boy in the class is as good as Arun.

Affirmative: Tendulkar is the best batsman in India.

Negative: No other batsman in India is as good as Tendulkar.

  • Than any other/ than all other ————- No other

If we find “Than any other/ than all other” in an affirmative sentence, we will use “No other” instead of that word [Than any other/ than all other at the time of the negative sentence.

For Example:

Affirmative:  Sumit is better than any other boy in the class.

Negative: No other boy in the class is as good as Sumit.

Affirmative: Mumbai is bigger than all other cities in India.

Negative: No other city in India is as big as Mumbai.

  • Using helping verb + not without

For Example:

Affirmative: You have power.

Negative: You are not without power.

Affirmative: I hate you.

Negative: I am not without hate for you.

Affirmative: We respect you.

Negative: We are not without respect for you.

  •   Using of “Not fail to”

For Example:

Affirmative: He plays football.

Negative: He does not fail to play football.

Affirmative: Speak the truth.

Negative: Don’t fail to speak the truth.

Affirmative: I saw the Victoria Memorial Hall.

Negative: I did not fail to see the Victoria Memorial Hall.

  • Making double Negative

Every will be “No” and “Un” will be added with verb

For Example:

Affirmative: He answered every question.

Negative: He left no question unanswered.

Affirmative: You read every story.

Negative: You left no story unread.

Affirmative: The boy solved every problem.

Negative: The boy left no problem unsolved.

  • If the sentences are universal truth, you should make the sentences interrogative negative.

For Example:

Affirmative: The sun rises in the east.

Negative: Does not the sun rise in the east?

Affirmative: The earth is round.

Negative: Is not the earth round?

Affirmative: Honesty is the best policy.

Negative: Is not honesty the best policy?

  • Am, is, are, was, were + adjective ————– negative and opposite word of adjective

If we find the word “Am, is, are, was, were + adjective” in an affirmative sentence, we will write the word “Not” instead of that word [Am, is, are, was, were + adjective] and make the opposite word of adjective at the time of negative sentence.

For Example:

Affirmative: Man is mortal.

Negative: Man is not immortal.

Affirmative:  She is present.

Negative: She is not absent.

Affirmative: My brother is a good boy.

Negative: My brother is not bad boy.

There is a shortcut method to memorize the rules of inter-change of sentences from affirmative to negative sentences.

Affirmative                     Negative

  1.  Always  ———–Never (Opposite word   of Verb, Adjective and Noun)
  2.  Sometimes   —— (Not) always (Opposite word of Verb, Adjective, Noun)
  3. Must ——————————  Cannot but/ cannot help
  4.  All ———————————   No (Opposite word of Adjective, Verb)
  5.  For good/ forever ————   Never (Opposite word of Verb)
  6.  Every —————————— No (Opposite word of Verb, Adjective)
  7. Have to/ has to —————– Cannot but / cannot but help v-ing
  8. As soon as ———————— No sooner had —than
  9. Many —————————— (Not) a few
  10. A few —————————— (Not) many
  11. Much —————————— (Not) a little
  12. A little —————————– (Not) much
  13. Only (Person) ——————– None but
  14. Only (Thing) ———————- Nothing but
  15. Only (Number/age) ———— Not more than/ not less than
  16. Both___ and  ——————– Not only __ but also
  17. As- as —————————— Not less- than/ not com (adjective) than
  18. For the last time —————- Never
  19. Alone (Person) —————— None but
  20. (Too—-to) ———————— So—that
  21. Superlative degree (The best) ———— No other
  22. Than any other/ than all other ————- No other
  23. Using helping verb + not without
  24. Using of “ Not fail to”
  25. Making double Negative
  26. If the sentences are universal truth, you should make the sentences interrogative negative.
  27. Am, is, are, was, were + adjective ————– negative and opposite word of adjective

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To read transformation of sentences [ Imperative to Assertive ], click here.

To read transformation of sentences [Assertive to Exclamatory]

Click here to read joining using present participle

Transformation of sentences [Simple, Complex and Compound]

Degree Change

Exclamatory Sentence

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