Transformation of sentences Simple Compound Complex

 Transformation of sentences [Simple –Complex – Compound]

transformation of sentences simple compound complex
transformation-of-sentences-simple-compound-complex

“Transformation of sentences Simple Compound Complex” is the main discussion of this post. I have highlighted a technical process of converting sentences (Simple, Complex, and compound). I have noticed that most of the authors of the market-selling books have presented the traditional method that is very difficult and hard to the students. They are compelled to revise the previous lessons like clause, conjunction, kind of sentences, verb, the structure of the sentence, and so on. As a result, they lose patience and stop learning the transformation of sentences. But I have explained sixteen easy rules. If you read the whole post attentively and practice the examples, I am quietly sure that you will learn it very soon. The learners can realize which rules they should follow and use to transform the simple, complex, and compound sentences.

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First rule:

SIMPLE      COMPLEX              COMPOUND

V-ing             When/As/Since       And [Same Subject]

If there is a “V-ing” at the beginning of a simple sentence,  “when / As / Since” helps to convert that sentence into a complex sentence.

Again when we convert those simple sentences and complex sentences to compound sentences, “And” helps.  The subjects of the sentences are the same.

Simple: Going to market, Gopal bought a new book.

Complex: When/as/since Gopal went to market, he bought a new book. Or

                 Gopal bought a new book when/as/since he went to market.

Compound: Gopal went to the market and bought a new book.

If you notice the example of a simple sentence you will find the starting of the sentence with “V-ing”. So we use “When/ As/ Since to convert the sentence into the complex.

I have given more examples of Transformation of sentences Simple Compound Complex so that you can understand them easily.

Simple: Coming home, he began to study.

Complex: When/As/Since he came, he began to study.

Compound: He came home and began to study.

Simple: Being late, the student refused to enter the school.

Complex: When/As/Since the student was late, he refused to enter the school.

Compound: He was late and refused to enter the school.

Simple: Being confused, my brother called me.

Complex: When/As/Since my brother was confused, he called me.

Compound:  My brother was confused and called me.

Simple: Standing on the roof, he watched the river.

Complex: When/As/Since he stood on the roof, he watched the river.

Compound: He stood on the roof and watched the river.

Simple: Being ill, he could not attend the meeting.

Complex: When/ As / Since he was ill, he could not attend the meeting.

Compound: He was ill and he could not attend the meeting.

Simple: Finishing her dinner, she went to bed.

Complex: When/ as/ since she finished her dinner, she went to bed.

Compound: She finished her dinner and went to bed.

You can watch the video to understand the lesson in Bengali language.

 Transformation of sentences Simple Compound Complex By Prakash Sir

Second rule 

SIMPLE           COMPLEX       COMPOUND

By+ V-ing         If (Aff)                   And

If there is a “By+ V-ing” in a simple sentence,  “when / As / Since” helps to convert that sentence into a complex sentence.

Again when we convert those simple sentences and complex sentences to compound sentences, “And” helps.  The subjects of the sentences are the same.

 Example:

Sim: By earning money, you will live better.

Cx:  If you earn money, you will live better.

Cd: Earn money and live better.

Third rule:

SIMPLE                COMPLEX                 COMPOUND

Besides + V-ing       Not only – but also        And

If we find “Besides + V-ing” in the simple sentence, we use “Not only-but also” to convert the simple sentence into a complex.

Again we use “And” to change the simple and complex sentence into a compound sentence.

Example:

Sim: Besides teaching English, he gives good tips.

Cx:    He teaches not only English but also gives good tips.

Cd:    He teaches English and gives good tips.

Fourth rule:

SIMPLE                                    COMPLEX             COMPOUND

Without + V-ing /In case of       If (Neg)                     Or

If we find “Without + V-ing/ In case of ” in the simple sentence, we use “If (Neg)” to transfer the simple sentence into a complex sentence.

Again we use “Or” to change the simple and complex sentence into a compound sentence. But the subjects of the sentence must be the same.

Example:

Sim:   Without taking the risk, you can not prosper in life.

Cx:     If you do not take the risk, you can not prosper in life./Unless you take the risk,              you can not prosper in life, life.

Cd:    Take the risk or you can not prosper in life.

How TO Convert Simple Complex and Compound

Transformation of sentences Simple Compound Complex

Fifth rule 

 SIMPLE            COMPLEX                 COMPOUND

Having V-3     When+S+had+V-3       And [Same Subject]

If we get “Having + V-3” at the starting of a simple sentence, we use “When+S+had+V-3” to change the sentence into the complex.

Again we use “And” to transfer that simple and complex sentence into the compound sentence. But the subjects of the sentence must be the same.

Example:

Sim:  Having finished her home tame task, she took her meal.

Cx:    when she had finished her home task, she took her meal.

Cd: She had finished her home task and took her meal.

Sim:   Having heard the news, Dinesh sat down on the ground.

Cx:    When Dinesh had heard the news, he sat down on the ground.

Cd:    Dinesh heard the news and sat down on the ground.

Cd:   Dinesh heard the news and sat down on the ground.

Sim:  Having reached the station, my uncle got on a train.

Cx:    when my uncle had reached the station, he got on a train.

Cd: My uncle reached the station and got on a train.

Sim: Having seen the police, the thief fled.

Cx: When the thief had seen the police, he fled.

Cd: The thief saw the police and fled.

Sim: Having finished cooking, my mother read the newspaper.

Cx: When my mother had finished cooking, she read the newspaper.

Cd: My mother finished cooking and read the newspaper.

Transformation of sentences Simple Compound Complex

Sixth rule

SIMPLE           COMPLEX          COMPOUND

Because of         Because                 And/ So

On account of

Due to

If we get “Because of/ On account of/ Due to” in the simple sentence, we use “Because” to covert the sentence into a complex sentence.

Again we use “and/so” to convert that simple and complex sentence into a compound.

Example:

Simp:    He could not go to school because of his illness.

Complex:    He could not go to school because he was ill.

Complex:       He was ill and / so he could not go to school.

Seventh Rule:

SIMPLE                          COMPLEX                 COMPOUND

In spite of / Despite      Though/Although         But

If we get “In spite of/ Despite” in a simple sentence, we use “Though/Although” to convert the sentence into the complex.

Again we use “But” to transfer the simple and complex sentence into the compound.

Example: 

Sim:    In spite of his poverty, he is honest.

Complex:   Though he is poor, he is honest.

Compound:    He is poor but he is honest.

How To Change Simple Compound Complex

Eighth Rule

SIMPLE             COMPLEX                                        COMPOUND

To+ Verb       In order that/ so that S+ can/may…          So

If we find “To+Verb” in the simple sentence, we use “In order that/ so that S+ can/may…” to convert the sentences into the complex.

Again we use “so” to convert the simple and complex sentence into a compound sentence and the subjects of the sentences are the same.

Example:

Sim:    I    bought a new book to learn English.

Cx:       I   bought a new book so that / in order that I can / may learn English.

Cd:       My target/object was to learn English so I bought a new book.

Ninth Rule:

SIMPLE              COMPLEX                              COMPOUND

In order to     In order that/So that S+ may …         So

If we find “In order to” in a simple sentence, we use “In order that/ So that S+may….” to transfer the simple sentence into a complex sentence.

Again we use “so” to convert the simple and complex sentence into a compound sentence.

Example:

Sim:  I went there in order to meet her.

Cx:    I   went there so that /in order that I might /could meet her.

Cd:    My target /object was to meet her so I   went there.

Tenth Rule of Transformation of sentences Simple Compound Complex

SIMPLE                          COMPLEX                      COMPOUND

For the purpose of       In order that/                           So

                                 So that S+ might/ could …

If there is “For the purpose of” in the Simple Sentence, the help of “In order that / so that S + could / might “ is taken during converting the simple sentence into Complex Sentence.

Again we use “so” to convert the simple and complex sentence into a compound sentence.

Example:

Sim:  He studied hard for the purpose of passing in the first division.

Cx:  He studied hard so that/in order that he might pass in the first division.

Cd:  His target /object was to pass in the first division So he studied hard.

Conversion of sentences Simple Compound Complex

Eleventh Rule

SIMPLE        COMPLEX          COMPOUND

 Too- to            So–that             Very -And

If there is “Too-to” in Simple Sentence, then “So-that” is used to convert that sentence to Complex Sentence.

When converting that Simple Sentence and Complex Sentence to Compound Sentence, the help of “Very-and” is taken.

The subjects of the sentences must be the same.

Example:

Sim:    The man is too dishonest to speak the truth.

Cx:       The man is so dishonest that he can not speak the truth.

Cd:       The man is very dishonest and he can not speak the truth.

Twelveth Rule: 

SIMPLE        COMPLEX             COMPOUND

 Too- to          So- that                   Very- And

If there is “Too-to” in Simple Sentence, then “So-that” is used to convert that sentence to Complex Sentence.

When converting that Simple Sentence and Complex Sentence to Compound Sentence, the help of “Very-and” is taken.

The subjects of the sentences must be different.

Sim:     The sum is too hard for me to understand.

Cx:        The sum is so hard that I can not understand it.

Cd:       The sum is very hard and I can not understand it.

Thirteenth Rule:

SIMPLE             COMPLEX                 COMPOUND

At the time of      When/As/Since     And [Subj is different]

If there is “At the time of” in the simple sentence, then the help of When / As / Since is taken while converting that sentence to Complex Sentence.

When converting that Simple Sentence and Complex Sentence to Compound Sentence, the help of “And” is taken.

Example:

Sim:  At the time of my entering the class, the students stood up.

Cx:     When / since/ as I entering the class the students stood up.

Cd:     I entered the class and the students stood up.

Inter Change of  Simple Compound Complex

Forthenth Rule

SIMPLE               COMPLEX                   COMPOUND

At the time of      As soon as              And [Subj is different]

                             No sooner- than

                             Hardly – when

                            Scarcely—when/Before

If there is “At the time of” in the Simple Sentence, the help of As soon as / No sooner- than / Hardly – when / Scarcely — when, Before is taken while converting the sentence to Complex Sentence.

Again we take the help of “And” at the time of converting that Simple Sentence and Complex Sentence to Compound Sentence.

Example:

Sim:   At the time of my entering the room, the students stood up.

Cx:      As soon as I entered the room, the students stood up.

Cd:     I entered the room and the students stood up.

Fifteenth Rule:

SIMPLE                  COMPLEX         COMPOUND

Object [Time]         When                       X

If we get object-related time in a simple sentence, we use “when” to transfer the sentence into a complex.

But that simple and complex sentence can not be transformed into a compound.

Example:

Sim:  I know his birthplace.

Cx:   I know where he was born.

Sim:  This is his workplace.

Cx: This is where he works.

Sixteenth rule:

SIMPLE                  COMPLEX          COMPOUND

Object [Place]         Where                     X

If we get an object-related place in a simple sentence, we use “were” to transfer the sentence into the complex.

But that simple and complex sentence can not be transformed into a compound.

Example:

Sim:   I can not tell the time of his coming.

Cx:      I can not tell when he will come.

Sim:    I know his birthday.

Cx:    I know when he was born.

Sim:   He heard the time of your arrival.

Cx:     He heard when you will arrive.

Look at the all rules of Transformation of sentences Simple Compound Complex
  Simple Complex Compound
01 V-ing When/As/Since And [Same Subject]
02 By+ V-ing If (Aff) And
03 Besides + V-ing Not only – but also And
04 Without + V-ing/In case of If (Neg)     Or
05 Having V-3 When+S+had+V-3 And [Same Subject]
06 Because of/On account of/ Due to Because And/ So
07 In spite of / Despite Though/Although 

 But

08 To+ Verb In order that/ so that S+ can/may…  So
09 In order to       In order that/So that S+ may … So
10 For the purpose of In order that/ So that S+ might/ could …      So
11 Too- to     So–that Very -And
12 Too- to [subject different] So- that  Very- And
13 At the time of        When/As/Since And [Subject different]
14 At the time of  As soon as/No sooner- than/Hardly – when/Scarcely—when/Before

And [Subject is different]

15 Object [Time] When      

X

16 Object [Place] Where      X

Guyes, I hope you have learned “Transformation of sentences Simple Compound Complex”

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